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Friday, August 28, 2015

Get A Clear History Of The Best Toursim State In Nigeria

Cross River is a state in southern Nigeria, bordering
Cameroon to the east. Its capital is at Calabar, and it
is named for the Cross River (Oyono), which passes
through the state. Ejagham and Efik are major
languages of this state.
Cross River State is a coastal state in South Eastern
Nigeria, named after the Cross River, which passes
through the state. Located in the Niger Delta, Cross
River State occupies 20,156 square kilometers. It
shares boundaries with Benue State to the north,
Enugu and Abia States to the west, to the east by
Cameroon Republic and to the south by Akwa-Ibom
and the Atlantic Ocean.
South Eastern State was created on May 27, 1967
from the former Eastern Region, Nigeria by the
General Yakubu Gowon regime. Its name was
changed to Cross River State in the 1976 state
creation exercise by the then General Murtala
Mohammed regime from South Eastern State. The
present day Akwa Ibom State was excised from it in
the state creation exercise of September 1987 by the
then regime of General Ibrahim Babangida. Its
capital is Calabar. Its major towns are Akamkpa,
Biase, Calabar South, Ikom, Obubra, Odukpani,
Ogoja, Ugep, Obudu, Obanliku, Akpabuyo, Ofutop,
Iso-bendghe, and Boji
The state has been previously governed by many
governors and administrators including Udoakaha J.
Esuene, Paul Omu, Tunde Elegbede, Clement Isong,
Donald Etiebet, Daniel Archibong, Ibim Princewill,
Ernest Atta, Clement Ebri, Ibrahim Kefas, Gregory
Agboneni, Umar Faoruk Ahmed, Christopher
Osondu, Donald Duke and Liyel Imoke. The Current
Governor is Ben Ayade, who came into power on the
29th of May, 2015.
The State is composed of three major ethnic groups:
the Efik, the Ejagham, and the Bekwarra. The Efik
language is widely spoken in Cross River State, and
as far as Arochukwu in neighboring Abia state.
The Efik-speaking people live mainly in the Southern
senetorial districts of Cross River, or as it is
commonly referred to, the Greater Calabar district,
which includes Calabar Municipality, Calabar South,
Bakassi, Biase, Akpabuyo, Odukpani, and Akamkpa
LGAs. There is also the Qua community in Calabar,
which speaks Ejagham. The main Ejagham group
occupies mostly the Greater Calabar areas of
Calabar Municipality, Odukpani, Biase and
Akampkpa sections of Cross River State.
There are also the Yakurr/Agoi/Bahumono ethnic
groups in Yakurr and Abi LGA, while the Mbembe
are predominantly found in Obubra LGA. Further up
the core northern part of the state are several sub-
dialectical groups, among which are Etung,
Olulumo, Ofutop, Nkim/Nkum, Abanajum, Nseke
and Boki in both Ikom, Etung and Boki LGAs. Also,
the Yala/Yache,Igede, Ukelle, Ekajuka, Mbube, Bette,
Bekwarra and Utugwanga people are found in
Ogoja, Yala, Obudu and Obanliku LGA's. The Yala are
a subgroup of the Idoma nation, part of the Yala
LGA's subgroups are the Igede speaking people
believed to have migrated from the Oju part of
Benue State.
Cross River State epitomises the nation's linguistic
and cultural plurality and it is important to note that,
in spite of the diversity of dialects, all the indigenous
languages in the state have common linguistic roots
as Niger–Congo languages. Finally, the state boasts
of being the venue for the largest carnival in Africa.
Local Government Areas
Cross River State consists of eighteen (18) Local
Government Areas. They are:
Calabar Municipal
Calabar South
In line with the objectives of the former Governor of
the state Mr. Donald Duke to mix business with
pleasure, there are many festivals. These festivals
bring in tourists from far and wide into the state to
enjoy themselves and also do business in the state.
These festivals include The Cross River State
Christmas Festival,which promises to be an event
that will rival any festival events in Africa, with over
30 days of endless fun, carnival, games, cultural
display, art exhibition, pageant and music
performance. This year's Christmas event and
Carnival promise to be the best.
The Cross River State Christmas Festival – 1
December to 31 December annually
The Cross River State Carnival Float – 26th and
27th December yearly
The Yakurr Leboku Yam festival – 28 August
The Calabar Boat Regata
Another Interesting Festival in cross River state is
Anong Bahumono Festival which holds in Anong
Village, during which different cultural dances are
showcased, including Ikpobin (acclaimed to be the
most entertaining dance in the state), Ekoi, Obam,
Emukei and Etangala Dances.
Tourism in Cross River State
From the soaring plateaus of the mountain tops of
Obanliku to the Rain forests of Afi, from the
Waterfalls of Agbokim and Kwa to the spiralling ox-
bow Calabar River which provides sights and images
of the Tinapa Business Resort, Calabar Marina,
Calabar Residency Museum and the Calabar Slave
Park along its course, there is always a thrilling
adventure awaiting the eco-tourist visiting Cross
River State.
Other tourist attractions are the Ikom Monoliths (a
series of volcanic-stone monoliths of unknown age),
the Mary Slessor Tomb, Calabar Drill Monkey
Sanctuary, Cross River National Park, Afi Mountain
walkway canopy, Kwa falls, Agbokim waterfalls,
Tinapa Business Resort and the annual Calabar
Carnival that takes place during the Christmas
Cross River State can be accessed by air through the
Margaret Ekpo International Airport at Calabar.
There are daily flights to Calabar from Lagos and
Abuja serviced by airlines such as Virgin Nigeria,
Arik Airlines and Aero Contractors. Aero Contractors
also have flights to the Bebi airstrip at Obanliku for
trips to the Obanliku Mountain Resort.
Calabar, the capital of Cross River State, is now the
leading tourism city of Nigeria[citation needed].
Visitors from different parts of Nigeria come to the
city in large numbers all year around.
Tertiary educational institutions are the University of
Calabar and the Cross River State University of
Technology both in Calabar, the Ibrahim Babangida
College of Agriculture in Obubra and The
Polytechnic, Calabar.[2]
See also
Tinapa Resort
Akwa Akpa

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